After a few days in the Oeste Region of Portugal touring Óbidos and Nazaré and 36 hours in Lisbon, we finally began our Historic Village Hiking Tour in Portugal with Mountain Travel Sobek. We began our six-day hiking tour early on a September morning when Ricardo picked up our group of eight and two guides from our hotel in Lisbon. We drove northeast for approximately three hours until we reached Salvaterra do Extremo.
History of Salvaterra do Extremo
Salvaterra do Extremo is located on the border of Spain and Portugal in Portugal’s central region. The origins of the historic village date all the way back to the Romans and then later to the Moors. It became part of the Portuguese Kingdom in the 12th Century.
Its first fortification was likely built when it received a charter from King Sancho II in 1229. Though after the signing of the Treaty of Alcañices establishing Portuguese-Castilian border in 1297, Salvaterra do Extremo was refortified.
Being located on the border, Salvaterra do Extremo assumed strategic importance. During the Restoration War in the 17th century, the medieval castle and surrounding town were enclosed with new walls and guarded by the citadel. While the walls were mostly demolished after the Peninsular Wars, some remnants remain.HAPPY HIKING!