Chapel of St. Kinga in Wieliczka Salt Mine

The Wieliczka Salt Mine

Ever since I heard about the Wieliczka Salt Mine from my friend Ron, I have wanted to visit it.  I am fascinated by mines and Wieliczka Salt Mine is definitely the most unique mine I’ve seen.

Tour Options

While preparing to visit the mine, I reviewed its website and was surprised to find there are a variety of tours from which to choose.  I ruled out the 30-minute Graduation Tower visit that includes breathing a brine mist above ground as well as the Pilgrim Tour that concentrates on praying throughout the 2.5-hour mine tour.

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Trodel Markt in Nuremberg

Nuremberg’s Walkable Old Town

We arrived in the morning to Nuremberg on our last day of our Danube Cruise and organized a taxi ride from port to our hotel in Old Town for around 20 euro.

Where to Stay in Nuremberg

Our hotel, Gideon Designhotel, was in the Old Town of Nuremberg’s southeast corner.  The hotel was conveniently located near a variety of restaurants, the pedestrian area, as well as the train and bus station.  We really liked the location.

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Why To Fly Copa Airlines

The Pros and Cons of Copa Airlines

For most international flights, I choose a major carrier, but for my trip to Colombia, in order to find decent connection times, I opted for Copa Airlines.  I have used the airline for intra-South America flights, but it had a been a while, and I wasn’t sure what to expect flying from Denver International Airport.

Copa Airlines began operations in 1947 as a domestic airline in Panama.  Over time, it dropped its domestic flights and expanded to international flights in South America.  Before Continental merged with United, Continental was a 51% owner of the airline.  Copa flies 737s and while it generally focuses on South America, it has expanded into additional North American cities and even to a few European destinations.  With only one crash with fatalities, its safety record seems better than many airlines. Continue reading “Why To Fly Copa Airlines”

Two Days in Durango, Colorado

September 1-2, 2017

I enjoyed two days in Durango after finishing the Colorado Trail.  Given I had just backpacked 53 miles on the Colorado Trail, I opted for an extremely relaxing day.  I stayed at the Best Western Durango Inn & Suites.  It is conveniently located at the South end of town within walking distance of Durango’s historic district loaded with shops and restaurants as well as the Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Museum and Train Station.

I started the day at Durango Bagel as it is located near the train station and I planned to take the train ride to Silverton.  Durango Bagel seemed popular among the local young folks.  After grabbing a breakfast sandwich, I wandered over to the train station to find out about my ticket that I ordered online the previous evening.

I recommend getting the ticket sooner than I did (especially in the summer) as many choices were sold out.  The weather had been so bad the previous month, however, I wanted to wait as I was interested in one of the open-air cars.  After having read many reviews, I wanted to take the train from Durango to Silverton in the morning and to return on the bus in the afternoon for a different view and a shorter ride.  This option wasn’t available, so I picked the reverse and hoped for clear skies in the afternoon.

I found the narrated bus ride to be uneventful.  I suppose if one hasn’t spent much time in the mountains, the drive would be nice, but frankly, I saw most of these views on foot multiple times over the last month.  In addition, the bus driver short changed of us Colorado Trail hikers 10 miles and then said thru-hikers took 2.5 months to hike it rather than 1.5 months at most.  Then, after he literally pointed out every gulch and mountain, he drove right by the trail without saying a word!  OK, I am being hard on him as he was very knowledgeable.  I suppose I was still relishing in my glory of completing it!

Anyway, upon arrival in Silverton, I climbed up to Christ of the Mines Shrine which overlooked the town, stopped for lunch at Thee Pitts Again which was featured on Diners, Drive-Ins, and strolled along the main street as well as through the red-light district one street over.  The town is pepper with old buildings including the old jail and a variety of shops, including a nice antique store.  It doesn’t take more than a few hours to explore the whole town which is all I had before I boarded the train just as a rain and hail storm hit.

I paid extra for the Knight Sky car which had a glass roof and open-air sides.  As we started, I was getting rained on, though I had rain gear.  Less prepared passengers were given ponchos, umbrellas and blankets.  Fortunately, the storm didn’t last long and by the time the train left the station, the menacing cloud had left.  I’m not certain the Knight Sky car is worth the extra money, as I hardly ever sat in the plush seat for the three-hour ride.  I mostly stood outside the car on the platform or talked with the leader of a Kiwi group that was driving Mustangs around the Western United States for 33 days!  The car wasn’t crowded which was nice.  I’m unsure if the other cars were crowded.  All cars have windows that open, and it is best to get one toward the end to keep from breathing the ash from the steam engine.  Protective eye-wear is a good choice too.

I loved the train ride.  Despite having hiked through parts of this area, and even having crossed the tracks on the Colorado Trail and having followed the Animas River, this train ride offered spectacular views of the river, old mines and more.  Also, some of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid was filmed on the tracks.  I think it would have been a little better to ride the train from Durango to Silverton rather than the way I went.  Not for the scenery, but for the stories the train attendants tell.  The Kiwi group rode the train both ways, so the attendant, who was great, limited his stories on the return.  As far as scenery, the train criss-crosses the river many times, so either side has good seats, but for the high section of the tracks, it is best to be on the left going from Silverton to Durango.  I’m really glad I rode the train, and I suspect the bus was a better choice just because the train ride would be long for both directions.

Upon arrival into Durango, I deboarded the train and head to Himalayan Kitchen, a great Nepalese Restaurant.  The food was delicious.  Still looking to catch up on sleep, I headed back to the hotel early and awoke with renewed energy to explore Durango for another day.

I started out with Durango Diner as I loved dine food.  Bacon, eggs, and hashbrowns…who can go wrong with that?  Afterwards, I checked out the free museum at the train station.  The museum includes far more than just trains..old cars, WWII gear, stuffed bears and more.

Next, I stopped at Bread where I picked up a sandwich to take with me on the trail that follows the Animas River through the town.  I walked part of the trail and sat on the riverside as I watched many enjoy water sports like tubing and kayaking.

Happy hour included a beer a Ska Brewing just next to Ken and Sue’s, a fantastic restaurant that I shared a meal with some of my fellow CT hikers.  All of our meals were outstanding!  It was a great way to end our hiking.  ETB


Two Day in Durango, Colorado


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Monastery, Museum, and Music in Mongolia

Monastery, Museum, and Music in Mongolia…say that five times fast!

This morning we managed to sleep in until about 5:30am which was pretty good.  We just had to kill a little time until hour 7am buffet breakfast which included an egg station, fruit, meats and cheese, Mongolian fare, waffles, spaghetti and meatballs, grilled veggies, kefir, juices, and of course coffee and tea.  While the breakfast and room were nice, the most memorable part of the Best Western was the carpet in the elevators which indicated the day of the week!  This was very helpful to those of us on vacation!

Around 8:30am, the group loaded on our bright yellow bus which transported us to Gandan Khiid located on the west side of Ulaanbaatar (or UB for short).  Gandan Khiid is one of the most important monasteries in Mongolia.  Its full name, Gandantegchinlen, translates to “the great place of complete joy”.  Along with Choijin Lama Temple Museum, it was one of the few monasteries that survived the religious purge in 1937 under Soviet rule.

Our bus driver in Armani

This monastery, which is active, was saved in 1944 when US Vice President Henry Wallace asked to see a monastery during his visit.  Prime Minister Choibalsan, who carried out Stalin’s religious persecution orders, scrambled to reopen Gandan Khiid to cover up the committed atrocities which included murdering tens of thousands of monks. Gandan remained a “show monastery” for foreign visitors until 1990 when the Soviet Union crumbled and religious ceremonies could recommence.

Mongolians are spiritual people.  As such, Shamanism and Buddhism never died under communist rule, but is was practiced under ground until religious freedom was again restored.  Buddhism, which was introduced to the Mongols under Kublai Khaan’s reign in the 13th Century, is now more prevalent than Shamanism which has been practiced by Mongolian tribes since recorded history. Having said that, both belief systems exist today and are sometimes intermingled.

For example, Carroll explained, the blue khata which in Shamanism represents the sky god who controls all nature, can be seen depicted in the outside monastery door.  It can also be found tied to many Buddhas inside the temple.  This is because the Mongols (or at least the nomads) who live in “The Land of Eternal Blue Sky” need the rain from the sky to grow the grass for their herds to survive the harsh winters.

In addition to learning about the symbolism painted on the outside of monastery which was constructed in 1838, we learned about the prayer wheels mounted on spindles outside of the temple.  They are spun in a clockwise direction to accumulate wisdom and good karma while expunging bad karma.

Soon we quietly entered the Ochidara Temple located near the main entrance to watch the monks perform their ceremony which generally takes place around 9am.  We shuffled to our left and slowly worked our way around the seated monks to the right side of the building.  With their shaved heads and dressed in maroon robes, they chanted their mantra, drummed, clinged symbols and blew in conch shells as visitors provided gifts.  It was my first time to see a ritual like this, and I found it quite interesting despite not understanding a word.

After the ceremony, we followed the kora path in a clockwise direction through the courtyard past four stupas which represent the four great elements in Buddhism: earth, water, fire, and wind. The square base expresses solidity, strength and support like the earth.  The round dome atop the cube represents the cohesiveness of a water droplet.  On top of the dome is the conical fire element which radiates energy upward.  Finally, the wind which symbolizes movement is in shape of a disc that crowns the cone.

After passing the stupas, we reached Migjid Janraisig Süm, the monastery’s main attraction.  Hundreds of Buddhas of Longevity line the temple wall as an enormous statue of Migjid Janraisig stands two stories high in the center.  The original statue was commissioned by the eighth Bogd Khan in 1911.  Syphillis blinded him, and he hoped the statue might restore his eyesight.  The statue was removed in 1937 during the religious purges, and it wasn’t replaced until 1996 with the help of donations from Japan and Nepal.  The hollow statue is made of copper, covered in gold and holds 27 tons of medicinal herbs, 334 Sutras, two million bundles of mantra, and an entire ger (similar to a yurt) with furniture!

Photos were only allowed inside this temple only if we paid extra, which turned out to be a common theme.  Most of the time, however, the photo charge was five times the paltry entry fee which caused visitors to balk.  Had the fees been reversed, tourists would have lots of spectacular photos to show of their visits to the major sites.

From the monastery, we loaded into the bus for a short ride to the National Museum of Mongolia.  The three floors of exhibits date from 800,000 BC to present day.  We saw a variety of old tools, games, and traditional dress as well as documentation related to the history of socialist Mongolia along with the current Democratic Mongolia which is still facing difficulties today.

In fact, there was an election last week, and out of protest several young people voted with a blank ballot.  As a result, none of the three candidates won 50% of the vote.  Another election is being held while we are here.  The two candidates in the run off seem to be polar opposites, and the citizens as evidenced by the blank ballots are not that happy with the choices.  One supports the traditional nomadic beliefs while the other supports the copper mine which has damaged the land but will account for one third of Mongolia’s GDP by next year. We’ll see what happens…nothing like going half way around the world to find the same political controversies.

From the museum, we went to Rosewood Kitchen for a great lunch.  We were warned this was one of the last times we could get fresh greens, so I went with an apple quinoa salad which was quite tasty.  The restaurant is run by a Bostonian name Cliffe and offers a variety of choices from pizza, to burgers, to salads, to roasted bone marrow.

By the time we finished lunch it was almost 3pm.  Page went on a shopping expedition while I returned to the hotel.  We had to be ready by 5:30pm for a show performed by the Mongolian National Song & Dance Ensemble.  Once again, we were not allowed to snap photos unless we paid an additional $20.  Dancers, clothed in elaborate traditional dress, performed the dances of different tribes.  Singers performed khöömii, traditional throat singing of a guttural sound.  Musicians, played traditional instruments such as the popular horse-head fiddle called the morin khuur whose strings are made from a horse’s tail.  In addition to the traditional music, the orchestra included some newer music which included a classical version of “We Are the Champions” by Queen.  I don’t think I have heard such a rendition, but it was quite good!

From the performing hall, we walked to the Silk Road Restaurant for our dinner…pumpkin soup and lamb kebobs.  I can’t say it was as good as yesterday’s lunch here, but it’s always nice to know the food is safe to eat.  We enjoyed a nice day and look forward to getting closer to the Mongolian steppes tomorrow!  ETB


Monastery, Museum, and Music in Mongolia


Exploring Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Journey Across the Mongolian Steppe to Kharkhorin

From Kharkhorin to Lapis Sky Ger Camp

Our First Horse Rides on the Mongolian Steppe

Visiting the Nomads on the Mongolian Steppe

Activities on the Mongolian Steppe

Camping on the Mongolian Steppe

Naadam Festival…A Must See in Mongolia

The Cowboys and Musicians of Mongolia



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Washington DC Post Now Available on GPSMyCity!

June 19, 2017

I’m pleased to announce another blog post has been turned into an app with a GPS Map and is available on GPSMyCity.

You may wonder, “What’s the big deal? I can read the travel post on your blog.” Well, yes, assuming you have access to the internet, you can read my article on my blog.

But what if you don’t have access to the internet? Do you really want to use your data? Better yet, what if you are in a different country, and you don’t have a cell service plan for the place you are visiting?

This is where the new travel app concept offered by GPSMyCity is quite useful. GPSMyCity produces city walk apps for nearly 750 cities worldwide. Want to see the sites in Paris? There’s an app for that. Want to try different restaurants in Malaga, Spain? There’s an app for that. You can download each travel article for FREE and read it whenever you like…in the airport, on the plane or street corner, or wherever!


Should you wish to have a GPS-guided tour and map along with the article, all you have to do is upgrade for $1.99.



New post available:

A Long Weekend in Washington DC


Amazing Medina in Marrakesh, Morocco–morocco-3321.html

Maneuvering Marrakesh

Excellent Time in Essaouira

Casablanca…The White House!

El Jadida…A Coastal Town in Morocco–a-coastal-town-inmorocco-3505.html

Don’t forget the rest of my articles that are available on GPSMyCity:


A Day Tour of Bangkok, Thailand

A Walking Tour of Narita, Japan–japan-459.html

Central and South America

18 Hour Layover in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Strolling Around Santiago, Chile–chile-426.html

Tips for Planning your Hiking Trip to Patagonia (Chile and Argentina)

The Markets and Cathedrals of Granada, Nicaragua


An American in Cuba!

Cienfuegos and Trinidad, Cuba–cuba-3146.html

Cuban Farms…How to Roll a Habano!

Las Terrazas and Vinales… A Treat for Nature Lovers

Treasures of Trinidad

Trinidad to Havana and What Falls in Between

The Streets of Habana Vieja and Fusterlandia – Part I—part-i-3113.html

The Streets of Habana Vieja and Fusterlandia – Part II –—part-ii-3121.html


Castles in Copenhagen, Denmark

Cycling in Copenhagen, Denmark

Loved Tallinn, Estonia!–estonia-313.html

Adventures in Paris, France

Adventures in Paris, France Part 2

The Coastal Trail from Monterosso to Vernazza, Italy

Rounding Out Cinque Terre…Riomaggiore and Corniglia, Italy

Oslo, Norway and the Outskirts–norway-and-the-outskirts-2317.html

Cruising Around Gdansk, Poland–poland-310.html

Imperial St. Petersburg, Russia

Sightseeing in Stockholm, Sweden

The Middle East

Dubai, UAE and Its International Appeal

North America

Tour of Tombstone, Arizona

Denver Brewery Tour, Colorado

On and Off the Vegas Strip, Nevada

Adventure in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Exploring the San Antonio Missions, Texas


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For notecards, key chains, or photographs, visit Notable Notecards or Niche Notecards on Etsy. A portion of the sales are donated to charity and a travel story is associated with each one.

Montana Hiking!

June 8-9, 2017

Along with all the wonderful wedding events in Missoula, I was able to sneak in a few short hikes.  The first hike, Rattlesnake Trail is 34 miles and connects to several other trails.  Kelly, Chelsea, Sara and I simply followed the well-groomed, wide trail for about one hour until we had to turn around as we were limited on time.

The trail led us in and out of lush forest with moss covered trees that shaded a variety of wildflowers.  Upon our return, we detoured off on to a single-track trail which followed the raging river.  It was a lovely outing close to town which was very convenient.  It would be a great place for trail running or biking as well!

The following day, I awoke early and ventured to Morrell Falls located in the Swan Mountain Range.  The drive through farmland and mountain valleys was just spectacular.  What made the drive even better was spotting a black bear who was patiently waiting on the side of the two lane highway for cars to pass so he could cross to the other side.  I don’t know why I didn’t pull off onto the shoulder to snap a photo.  It would have been fantastic!

Anyway, I continued on to Seeley Lake where I continued to final part of the long drive on gravel roads that weaved past campgrounds and through pine forests.  I felt like I was in the middle of nowhere, especially when I arrived at the popular trailhead and didn’t even find a car!

I managed to forget bug spray so the cool, damp morning was perfect as I pulled a hood over my head and kept my arms and legs covered.  The moist trail led me through a pine forest damaged from beetle kill.

The trail was rather flat with exception of one incline, though with the lower elevation, the climb was uneventful.  The path, dotted with wildflowers, soon led me past a few, somewhat stagnant ponds/lakes.

I wasn’t able to spot any wildlife, though it probably didn’t help that I played an audio book on speaker in order to warn any grizzlies of my whereabouts.  I certainly didn’t want to sneak up on one of them while I was hiking alone.

I hiked pretty fast for two reasons.  One:  I had a limited amount of time and I was uncertain of the trail length.  The Forest Service USDA website (which was likely accurate) posted 5.4 miles round trip while the AllTrails website posted 6.9 miles, a good 40 minute swing.  Two: The mosquitoes were relentless!  I had to snap photos fast.

I made it to the falls in a little over an hour and I could hear the falls from a good distance away.  It was roaring!  If a waterfall can be “out of its banks” then I’d say Morrell Falls fit that category.  Mist sprayed at least thirty feet as the river flowed into the campground!  My camera lens was doused in water with each click of the shutter.

While I was expecting not to stay long because of the mosquitoes, the spray kept them away, so I enjoyed the falls until my clothes were damp enough to get chilled, less than ten minutes!  I headed back toward the parking lot.  This time in solitude so I could listen to the birds chirping on the partly cloudy day.  I made it all the way back to the trailhead before I ran into two different groups beginning the hike.  I was so lucky to have this path to myself as it is a popular destination!  Hiking is so peaceful, and this adventure did not disappoint.  I even spotted a deer on my drive out!  It’s amazing how I only see wildlife when I’m in a car…ETB


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